Excerpt from Revue d'Auvergne Et Bulletin de l'Institut Industrial du Centre, 1911, Vol. 28 Toute synthese historique sur un sujet et une epoque determines, ne vaut que par l'exactitude des faits qui lui ont servi de base et c'est la mission des revues de pro vince. C'est meme leur essentielle raison d'etre, d'apporter le temoignage de leurs pays respectifs; car, apres tout, l'histoire n'est qu'une enquete. C'est pourquoi j'ai choisi deux societes commerciales et financieres de Clermont comme sujet principal de cette etude. Elles seraient, d'ailleurs, par tous pavs. Des types bien ressortis du genre, a la condition de les presenter dans le cadre de leur entourage, ce que je m'efiorcerai de faire. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Author: Robert Pasnau Publisher: Cambridge University Press ISBN: 1139952927 Size: 40.16 MB Format: PDF, ePub, Docs View: 5369
The Cambridge History of Medieval Philosophy comprises over fifty specially commissioned essays by experts on the philosophy of this period. Starting in the late eighth century, with the renewal of learning some centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire, a sequence of chapters takes the reader through developments in many and varied fields, including logic and language, natural philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, and theology. Close attention is paid to the context of medieval philosophy, with discussions of the rise of the universities and developments in the cultural and linguistic spheres. A striking feature is the continuous coverage of Islamic, Jewish, and Christian material. There are useful biographies of the philosophers, and a comprehensive bibliography. The volumes illuminate a rich and remarkable period in the history of philosophy and will be the authoritative source on medieval philosophy for the next generation of scholars and students alike.
This bibliography on the procurement and exploitation of chert resouces during prehistory does not aim to be exhaustive, although it is certainly extensive, but it intends to offer a broad range of publications for specialists from a variety of fields. Following an introductory discussion of lithic raw material procurement, the bibliography is divided into geological and archaeological studies. The publications listed are mainly in English but include others in European languages and encompass the years 1870 to 2001. Includes a chronological index.
Author: George Christakos Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media ISBN: 3540281657 Size: 25.66 MB Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi View: 2137
This multidisciplinary reference takes the reader through all four major phases of interdisciplinary inquiry: adequate conceptualization, rigorous formulation, substantive interpretation, and innovative implementation. The text introduces a novel synthetic paradigm of public health reasoning and epidemic modelling, and implements it with a study of the infamous 14th century AD Black Death disaster that killed at least one-fourth of the European population.
Author: Craig Taylor Publisher: Cambridge University Press ISBN: 1107042216 Size: 52.87 MB Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi View: 5300
Craig Taylor's study examines the wide-ranging French debates on the martial ideals of chivalry and knighthood during the period of the Hundred Years War (1337-1453). Faced by stunning military disasters and the collapse of public order, writers and intellectuals carefully scrutinized the martial qualities expected of knights and soldiers. They questioned when knights and men-at-arms could legitimately resort to violence, the true nature of courage, the importance of mercy, and the role of books and scholarly learning in the very practical world of military men. Contributors to these discussions included some of the most famous French medieval writers, led by Jean Froissart, Geoffroi de Charny, Philippe de Mézières, Honorat Bovet, Christine de Pizan, Alain Chartier and Antoine de La Sale. This interdisciplinary study sets their discussions in context, challenging modern, romantic assumptions about chivalry and investigating the historical reality of debates about knighthood and warfare in late medieval France.
Author: Christopher Allmand Publisher: Cambridge University Press ISBN: 9780521382960 Size: 66.74 MB Format: PDF View: 2100
This volume covers the last century (interpreted broadly) of the traditional western Middle Ages. Often seen as a time of doubt, decline and division, the period is shown here as a period of considerable innovation and development, much of which resulted from a conscious attempt by contemporaries to meet the growing demands of society and to find practical solutions to the social, religious and political problems which beset it. The volume consists of four sections. Part I focuses on both the ideas and other considerations which guided men as they sought good government, and on the practical development of representation. Part II deals with aspects of social and economic development at a time of change and expansion. Part III discusses the importance of the life of the spirit: religion, education and the arts. Moving from the general to the particular, Part IV concerns itself with the history of the countries of Europe, emphasis being placed on the growth of the nation states of the 'early modern' world.
This collection of essays comprises a number of case studies from key wine-growing regions and countries around the world. Contributors focus on the development of the wine business and its overall importance and impact in terms of the regional and domestic economy and the international economy.
Author: Philip L. Reynolds Publisher: Cambridge University Press ISBN: 1316790908 Size: 23.73 MB Format: PDF, Kindle View: 3045
Among the contributions of the medieval church to western culture was the idea that marriage was one of the seven sacraments, which defined the role of married folk in the church. Although it had ancient roots, this new way of regarding marriage raised many problems, to which scholastic theologians applied all their ingenuity. By the late Middle Ages, the doctrine was fully established in Christian thought and practice but not yet as dogma. In the sixteenth century, with the entire Catholic teaching on marriage and celibacy and its associated law and jurisdiction under attack by the Protestant reformers, the Council of Trent defined the doctrine as a dogma of faith for the first time but made major changes to it. Rather than focusing on a particular aspect of intellectual and institutional developments, this book examines them in depth and in detail from their ancient precedents to the Council of Trent.
Author: Victor R. Preedy Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers ISBN: 9086867669 Size: 49.86 MB Format: PDF, ePub, Docs View: 6791
Cheeses are one of the most diverse food commodities known. They have a wide range of regional and geographical differences in manufacture, taste, texture, colour and contribution to the diet. Because cheese is an important source of macro- and micro-nutrients it can be seen as a valuable product in human nutrition. However, some consider that traditionally manufactured cheeses may not contribute to optimal health. For this reason, there is a drive to produce types with reduced or modified fat or salt contents. Another aspect that affects human health is that cheese may also harbour harmful pathogens in some circumstances. To gain a holistic understanding of cheese in health, nutritionists and dieticians have a fundamental need to grasp the process of cheese manufacture, while cheese manufacturers benefit by understanding the health related aspects of cheese. This handbook bridges the intellectual and trans-disciplinary divide and provides a balanced overview of cheese in relation to health. Experts provide a comprehensive coverage of subjects in relation to cheese production, nutrition and medical sciences, such as composition and health benefits, toxicology, metabolic and nutritional effects and microbiology.